|Koni peninsula! 30
minutes from Magadan by helicopter and you are in a rock gardener's
Welcome to the 2001 Seed
List of Dr. Alexandra Berkutenko. The Alpine Garden
is pleased to be able to host this fine
list and I am sure there will be many items to interest you all. All seeds are
priced at $3 per packet and the average amount is 15-25 seeds per pkt. Full
ordering details can be found at the end of the listing. All orders to Dr.
In addition to the seedlist, Dr. Berkutenko has
published some germination results which should help you to enjoy success with
your seeds. It is well worth reading thoroughly.
If you missed out on any of the
seed from the 2000 Seedlist, Dr.Berkutenko has re-collected some of the species
again this year which may not appear in the latest list. For details of these,
please contact her at email@example.com
*NEW for 2001
Abies nephrolepis: If you just once have been
in Ussurian taiga you remember forever smell and silence of this magic dark
coniferous forest. It is due to Fir tree 20-30m tall with pungent emerald
needles and smooth light-grey bark.
Abies holophilla: Another Fir tree from
unforgettable Ussurian taiga. Needle tips emarginate, not pungent. Up to
Acanthopanax sessiliflorus: Tall
shrub,5-foliate lvs, fls dark-purple, in umbels or racemes. Fr. baccate, black.
Stimulant from Ginseng Family. Aphrodisiac properties of this plant is not the
myth because a lot of enquiries from men.
Welcome to maple’s parade in
Acer barbinerve Shrub up to 5(7)m
high.3-5-lobate lvs pubescent along veins. Ussuri.
*Acer komarovii To 10 m tall 15-20 cm diam
tree. Lvs 5-7-lobate. Very ornamental. Rare
*Acer mandshuricum Tree 20m tall, ternate lvs.
Especially attractive in autumn. Ussuri.
*Acer mono Tree to 16-24m. During 250
years you can enjoy golden (sometimes
dark-purple) foliage (5-lobed lvs) of this tree
from Ussurian taiga. Can survive in dry places.
Acer negundo: Box-elder; ash leave maple. This
invader from America can flourish everywhere except areas above Polar Circle
and Antarctic. Who needs the seeds of this aggressor from Vladivostok? Maybe,
Icelandic vikings for their battles against soil erosion?
Acer ginnala: Modest yellow or dark red in
fall shrub or small tree from Orient with 3-lobed lvs. Successfully introduced
in Moscow and St. Petersburg. Native in Ussuri.
Acer pseudosieboldianum: This is a king of
parade in its foliage in all hues of pink and fiery-red, purple and violet.
This oriental king is not very tall - to 8 m. Capricious - asks drainage.
Acer tegmentosum: Tree up to 12-15m high with
unusual green bark. Lvs 3-5-lobate, fls greenish-yellow. Amur, Ussurian region
and China. Exclusively good for landscaping.
Achillea alpina: Pinnately divided lvs, white
blooms. Medicinal (heals at least 100 diseases).
Acomastylis glacialis: (syn. Geum glaciale,
Novosieversia glacialis) Cushion plant, stem up to 12cm high, villous
throughout, with long silky hairs. This pubescence helps the plants to survive
extreme conditions in high Arctic and in Subarctic highlands. Lvs pinnate,
prostrate on ground. Fls yellow, large 3cm across. I bet you won’t find
this species in other catalogs: it isn’t easy to reach this plant in
right time, when seeds are ripe. Hab. on dry stony places, snow beds.
*Acomastylis rossii: Differs from above:
completely nude or pubescent only along veins. From tundra of severe Commander
islands in Bering sea.
Resembles A. delphinifolium but fls are yellow. Plant
much more rare.
Aconitum delphinifolium: Monkshood. Dark blue
hood, fls in racemes, palmately lobed lvs. Poisonous.
*Aconitum glandulosum Looks like
A.delphinifolium but with glands
*Aconitum maximum To 1.5 m high, 3-9
blue-violet rare pink fls in compact raceme. Kamchatka meadows produce this
*Aconitum fisheri To 2 m high erect
endemic from Kamchatka with blue3-9 fls.
*Actaea erythrocarpa Baneberry Fls
inconspicuous, racemose, elder-like lvs. Attractive bright
red berries are ornamental, but poisonous. Forests of Kamchatka
*Actinidia arguta Scandent
biggest vine from Ussurian taiga. Tasty green berries,
greenish-white fls, simple elliptic lvs.
*Actinidia polygama You can not eat orange
spicy fruits of this vine (maybe, only after frost they are edible) but can
enjoy the beauty of this 2.5-6m long woody vine from Ussuri
*Aconitum stoloniferum To 3 m, twining stems,
violet fls. Russkyi island
*Agastache rugosa (Lophanthus rugosus) To 1 m.
Opposite lvs, spike-like infl. Typical for Labiatae lilac-blue fls. Rich in
essential oils. Rocks in Ussuri
Ajania pallasiana: Silver-tomentose lvs, yellow
corymbs. Stony dry slopes of Amur, Ussuri, China and Korea. Excellent for Rock
Allium condensatum: Chive 80cm h. Infl
globose, pale yellow, 3-5cm diam. Stony slopes, rocks in Ussuri.
Allium shoenoprasum: Wild chive. Fls pink
violet, lvs semi-terete, hollow at base. More useful than onion from kitchen
garden and beautiful! Meadows, can survive in wet places.
Allium strictum: Wild chive with flat linear
lvs from dry stony slopes of Okhotsk sea shore area.
Allium senescens: Flat lvs, pink semi-globose
infl. 2-3 cm diam. Up to 60 cm high. Ussuri.
*Allium victorialis: Victory onion, cheremsha.
I think the name of this onion with flat broad ovate lvs means victory in
struggle with such terrible disease in past as scurvy: many generations
were saved in spring by this plant with white fls. Stone birch forests and
meadows in Kamchatka. Still very popular here. I do not recommend to take taxi
after eating of this plant: driver can increase payment for strong specific
Alnus hirsuta: Alder. Middle size tree or tall
shrub with simple pubescent lvs, cone-like catkins. Enriches soils by nitrogen.
Alnus japonica: Close to above but lvs more
narrow, acute. Coasts of Ussuri, Sakhalin, Kuriles.
Alnus fruticosa: Tall shrub with acute
glabrous lvs. Hardy bush, grows everywhere on the North Far East.
*Alyssum lenense: Stems suffrutescens,
adscendent, 4-20 cm long, linear woolly grey lvs, yellow fls in short raceme.
Steppes of Urals. This species is named in honor of great Siberian river Lena.
Vine 2m high with very ornamental coriaceous palmate lvs, inconspicuous fls,
bluish or pale violet fr. Good for vertical landscaping. Enjoy shadow and
Ampelopsis japonica: Vine 2 m high with very
ornamental coriaceous palmate lvs, inconspicuous fls, bluish or pale violet fr.
Good for vertical landscaping. Enjoy shadow and quiet!
*Ampelopsis brevipedunculata: Differs from
above: less dissected lvs, woody Asiatic climber
Anaphalis margaritacea: Pearly Everlasting.
White and woolly everlasting from dry slopes of Kamchatka.
Anemone sibirica: Big white fls, early spring
*Anemone villosissima (Anemone narcissiflora
var. villosissima): Dense pubescence helps this Anemone survive severe
conditions of Bering island in Bering sea.
Andromeda polifolia: Beauty of this Ericaceous
dwarf shrub is modest. Prostrate ascending branches. Infl. subumbellate,
fls pale pink. Lvs almost linear. E. Hulten wrote about this species from peat
bogs: “ This plant contains andromedotoxin, a poison causing low blood
pressure, breathing difficulty, vomiting, diarrhea and cramps”. And all
these properties are in looking so modest and innocent plant!
*Androsace gorodkovii Endemic of Magadan
region. Close to annual A.lactiflora (A.amurensis), 9 cm high, linear lvs,
small white fls in umbels
Angelica amurensis: (A.cincta) Up to 2 m
Angelica from Amur river with white umbels.
*Angelica chernjaevii: Up to 1.5m high. White
fls. Ussurian forests.
*Angelica dahurica: Up to 3 m high, white fls.
*Angelica genuflexa: Up to 2m high. Differs
from other Angelica curved lvs. Horizontal rhizome. Fls white or pink.
Angelica maximoviczii: Up to 1 m Angelica from
Angelica sachalinensis: Up to 2.5m Angelica
that you can find only in Sakhalin, Kuriles and Hokkaido.
Angelica saxatilis: Lvs pinnately to ternately
1-3 times compound with broad lflets, infl white compound umbels. E.Viereck
believes Angelica is a female tonic.
Angelica ursina: The real Giant herb (up
to3.5m!), remarkable representative of famous tall forbs of Kamchatka and
Sakhalin. In winter time with snow on their umbels these giants look as exotic
trees from fairy tale.
Antennaria dioica: Everlasting with spatulate
white wooly lvs in rosette and whitish-pink heads.
*Anthriscus aemula: Tall 50-120 cm height
plant from Umbelliferae. Fls white, lvs with many thin narrow lflts. This
Asiatic plant can grow along fence and hide you from curious glances of
Aquilegia oxysepala: I think nobody will miss
in my list this red-yellowish flowered Chinese - Japanese Columbine up to 1 m.
parviflora:... and this blue-flowered Siberian Columbine up to 50 cm
from Kolyma river basin where frosts in wintertime -50 degrees C (not F!)
*Arcterica nana: only few seeds of this
tiny Ericaceous from Commander islands.
Gentlemen, attention, please! Again Ginseng
Family! Do not hesitate to order following representative.
Aralia continentalis: (A.cordata) Large stout
perennial herb 1-1.5 m. Twice pinnate lvs 50-100 cm long. Fls 3 mm across,
umbellate. Fr. black. According to Ohwi, Japanese eat shoots!
Arenaria tschuktschorum: Firm mats from
pungent lvs 1cm long, stems 10 cm with umbel-like infl of white pretty fls.
Only dry scree slopes of East Siberia. Neighbors will envy something new from
Caryophyllaceae family in your garden!
*Arenaria saxatilis (Eremogone saxatilis):
Small tufts. Stems 20-50 cm. Lvs narrow as bristles. White small semi-umbels
assembled in panicles. Dry stony slopes in Ural.
Arctous alpina: Big black lacquered berry in
surrounding of reticulate lvs looks delicious but insipid in fact. This
prostrate dwarf shrub deserves placement in rock gardens not for greenish-white
fls but due to scarlet in autumn and persisting for a long time lvs.
Arisaema amurense: Amursk Jack-in-the pulpit
from Arum Family. Cormose perennials, lvs palmately deeply divided, spathe
green with white or reddish stripes. Fr. red, fleshy. Boggy places in moist
Ussurian forests. Poisonous, medicinal.
Aristolochia mandshurica : Woody vine up
to15m.Lvs cordate. Fls tubulate curled 6 cm long, green. 6-rib capsule 10cm
long. Greeting from China and Ussurian taiga from Aristolochiaceae family.
Aristolochia contorta: Herbaceous vine up to 1
m. Fls yellow.
Armeniaca mandshurica: Tree 8-10 m. Pale pink
fls 2.5 cm across appear before lvs. "Sa-kura" of Ussurian region.
Dry slopes in oak forests.
Arnica frigida: Diminish sunflower many-many
times, arrange stem lvs opposite and you receive Arnica.
*Arnica unalaschcensis: Close to above.
Differs purplish not white pappus. Commander islands.
Artemisia arctica: Differs from other wormwood
by fleshy green lvs and big heads. Erect up to 60cm. Mostly on stony places in
mountains. Deserves your attention, dear Rock Gardeners!
*Artemisia borealis: Caespitose, stems from
woody caudex often purplish, basal lvs 2-3-times pinnatifid with linear
segments. Heads 3-4 mm diam. I found this species on the top of mountain. It
was difficult to stand but this Artemisia is resistant to strong cold wind and
friendly with Borei.
Artemisia gmelinii: I can identify this
wormwood without looking at the plant: pleasant smell! This up to 1 m
semi-shrub with dissected lvs grows on rocks mostly in Siberia and China.
Artemisia lagocephala: Purely East Siberian 60
cm h. semi-shrub with densely villous ascending branches. Lvs 3-lobate. Stony
slopes in subalpine zone.
Artemisia kruhsiana: Differs from above more
dissected twice 3-lobate lvs, also East Siberian species.
Artemisia laciniatiformis: This wormwood (up
to 40cm h) is warmed in sun rays on dry slopes of Kamchatka.. Lvs twice pinnate
dissected. In contrast to above whitish-grey plants this wormwood is green.
*Artemisia laciniata: Stems up to 70 cm high
from thick caudex. Lvs 2-3-times pinnate. Head globular, nodding,
2-3mmdiam.Shrub thickets. Ussuri.
Artemisia lagopus: Very pleasant fragrant
mat-forming wormwood, silver-silky dissected lvs. Dry stony slopes of Okhotsk
sea shore area. Endemic. Excellent for R.G. Promotes sweet dreams all nights if
you hang above your pillow.
Artemisia schmidtiana: This low wormwood from
Sakhalin and Kuriles has silky-silver pubescence. Habitats on rocks and scree
slope - what else do you need for not neglecting this species in your Rock
Artemisia stellerana: Beach-wormwood.
Prostrate. Lvs white-tomentose, pretty, with rounded lobes. Sandy beaches,
Artemisia stolonifera: Close to A.vulgaris but
with stolons. To 1.2m. Ussurian woods.
Artemisia tilesii: I collected the seeds of
this plant from Rock Garden created by God on Okhotsk sea shore. If you would
like to stop erosion this plant can be useful. Lobed lvs white felted.
Aruncus kamtschaticus: Kamchatsk Goatbeard
Both foliage and white fls attractive. Good garden plant 1-1.5m h.
Asparagus schoberioides: 1.2m tall Asparagus
with gentle green cladodes, red fr. Sakhalin.
Aster alpinus: Violet heads, rosette lvs. Dry
*Aster incisus: To 1.5m, stems branched, blue
heads 3-3.5cm diam. in peltate infl. Lvs deeply lobate, dentate. Ussurian
*Aster maackii: To 85 cm, branched in upper
part. Heads 4cm across. Lvs shallow dentate. Ussuri
Aster sibiricus: Similar to above, but lvs
alternate on the stem. Meadows.
*Aster tataricus: To 1.5m. Stems slightly
branched, heads 3-5 cm diam, on densely pubescent peduncules. Ligules blue or
Astilbe chinensis: Stems to 1 m. Lvs 2-4 times
ternately compound. Pale rose racemes in dense thickets resemble pink fog.
Moist Ussurian forests.
*Astragalus marinus: 50-60cm high, stems
numerous ,adscending, fls from white to blue, 20 mm long. Endemic of Okhotsk
sea shore and Ussuri. Near sea on the rocks, sand.
Astragalus frigidus: Stems erect, stout, fls
yellow, numerous, legume inflated, membranous. Banks of streams.
*Astragalus gorchakovii (A.uralensis):
10-30 cm high, fls 10-15 mm long, yellowish-white with dark-violet tip.
Lvs small, infl. big. Rocks in alpine belt in Urals.
*Astragalus helmii: 0.5-1.5 cm long, silvery
pubescent, fls pale yellow, 21-26 mm. Ural endemic
Astragalus polaris: Mat-forming low perennial,
tiny leaflets, lilac-purple fls, pod strongly inflated. Gravel. Rare.
Astragalus schelichovii: Fls dirty-yellow,
stems prostrate, silver pubescent. Gravels, dry slopes. East Siberian plant.
Astragalus tugarinovii: Milk Vetch. Fls
pink-white, leaflets narrow. Stems erect. East Siberia.
*Atractyloides obovata: 70 cm high, lvs
coriaceous, with bristles on margins, ternate, pinnatifid or simple, White
tubular fls in heads 2 cm diam. Oak forests. This pure Far-Eastern species from
Asteraceae family is strongly recommended by Ussurian healers for men.
Astrocodon kruhseanus: Siberian Bellflower
with wide open big fls. It will awake other plants in the morning in your Rock
Garden. It is shorter than other bellflowers and perfectly adapted to scree
Atragene ochotensis: Vine, big
solitary blue campanulate fls, ternate lvs. Fr are hairy silky balls. Asiatic
plant. Flourishes in Canadian Ontario in the garden of my first client.
*Atragene ochotense var. rubicunda: variety
with red fls.
Beckmannia syzigachne: American sloughgrass.
Annual grass with solitary or tufted culms up to 80 cm tall. Wet places
.Panicles of strongly inflated spikelets are good for dry compositions. It can
prevent erosion along roads.
Berberis amurensis: Similar to Berberis
vulgaris, but fls, fr and seeds are bigger. Ussuri.
I saw this species in many Rock Gardens. But you can boast:
this species from Pacific area. Big over wintered black lvs are popular in
Siberia and Far East for medicinal tea.
Betula platyphylla: White Birch.
Betula middendorffii: Divaricate tall shrub
with roundish leathery lvs. Close to American B.glandulosa:
*Betula dahurica: Black birch. It is good
supplement to white birch. 25m tall, old trunks blackish-gray replacing by
young gray-purplish bark. Ussuri.
Betula ermanii: Stone Birch. Dominant tree in
Kamchatka with pinkish-white bark and slightly crooked stems.
"Drunken" stone birch forests you can see everywhere when you fly in
helicopter above Kamchatka.
Betula exilis: Do you know Betula nana? This
is the same. Dwarf birch.
Betula schmidtii: Due to hard heavy wood
Ussurians call this tree Iron birch. Bark darker compare to white birch.
Bupleurum ajanense: Yellow greenish small
Umbelliferae with linear lvs from scree slopes of sea of Okhotsk -.
Cacalia auriculata: Reniform large lvs with
auricles. Stone Birch forests in Kamchatka.
Cacalia hastata: Indian plantain. Lvs
triangular-hastate, heads in long infl. Up to 1 m plants from Aster Family.
*Cacalia praetermissa: Differs from above:
wings on petioles. Russkyi island.
Cacalia robusta: It justifies its Latin name :
in Sakhalin it reaches 3m. Fls whitish-yellow.
Campanula langsdorffiana: Siberian Bellflower
close to well known C. rotundifolia. Dry stony slopes.
Caragana jubata: Pretty monster! Pink big
fls! Terrible thorns! Wooly shrub hangs from crevices in vertical rocks. Grows
on dry steppe slopes as well. Central-Asian plant. Rare in our region. Seeds
need pre-treatment: scarification or soak quickly in sulphuric acid.
Cardiocrinum glehnii: (Lilium glehnii) Lvs
cordate, fls horizontal, greenish-white, tubular, 7-10cm long. Wilderness of
Sakhalin and Japan gave birth this impressive Lily. Double stratification for
seeds is recommended.
Cassiope ericoides: This Ericaceous montane
species is so known among Rock Gardeners. Those who have never seen it, I ask
imagine dwarf shrub with imbricate appressed grooved on back lvs and white
miniature bell shaped fls. Do you still hesitate that it deserves an honourable
place in your Rock Garden?
*Cassiope lycopodioides: This is something! I
doubt that Ericaceous lovers have this tiny Cassiope with only 2 mm diam
prostrate branches. Mountain slopes in Kamchatka.
Caulophyllum robustum: Blue Cohosh. 40-80cm
high glaucescent plant with 2-3-ternate lvs, yellow small fls. Especially
ornamental in fall due to blue-black berry-like fr. When I look at such bluish
plants I would like to refer them to plants from Mars, but this is from Ussuri.
Cirsium kamchaticum: For those who like
something extraordinary. Up to 2m h. Pungent lvs, purple large heads, nodding
in age. This is not a weed, not at all. This is another component of famous
Kamchatka tall forbs.
Celastrus orbiculatus: Oriental Bittersweet.
Climbing to several m. Elliptic lvs. Staff-tree Family. Ornamental in fruits:
capsules bright orange, seeds with bright red aril. Keeps bright colors in
winter time in dry compositions indoors. Ussurian forests.
Celastrus flagellaris: All differences between
this species and C.orbiculatus as follows: Stipules deciduous (C.orbiculatus) -
Stipules becoming spiny (C.flagellaris).
Cerasus maximoviczii: 2.5m tree, dark grey
bark, white fls. Due to black fr. this species is placed in Prunus by some
Cerasus sachalinensis: Wild cherry from
Ussurian region and Sakhalin. Tree up to 20 m high, pale-pink abundant fls.. Do
you need more words about this pretty tree?
Chamaedaphne calyculata: Ericaceous 15-50cm,
coriaceous lanceolate lvs. Modest white fls 6mm long warn about danger- boggy
Chamaerhodos erecta: Biennial from Rosaceae
50cm with pale-pink or white small fls. Steppe slopes of Kolyma. Real Siberian.
Chimaphila umbellata: Prince's pine,
pipsissewa. Dwarf 30cm prostrate semi-shrub with coriaceous dark green lvs and
pink wheel-like fls 8-12mm across creating umbels from 2-8 fls. Forests.
Chosenia arbutifolia: The most fast growing
tall tree in our region. Very ornamental: glaucous lvs, red bark, on old trees
you can observe exfoliation. Heroic tree: very resistant to strong
floods. Especially attractive in winter time: forests along rivers on
background of white snow and gloomy leafless Larches resemble pink fog. Needs
good drainage, occurs only on gravels on flood plains.
Cimicifuga dahurica: Bugbane. Tall perennial,
white long raceme, ternate lvs. Unpleasant odor. Ussuri.
Cimicifuga heracleifolia: Differs from above:
dioecious (not monoecious) fls.
Cimicifuga simplex: Similar to above, but infl
unbranched. Kamchatka forbs.
Clausia aprica - Violet glandulose Cruciferae
20 cm high with large petals from hot dry slopes of Kolyma river. Yes, it can
be very hot in summer here! "Aprica" means this perennial likes
Claytonia acutifolia: Spring-beauty. Brown
bears like this plant for starch roots, I like for bright pink or white fls
with distinct veins. 20cm, lvs mostly in rosette, lanceolate, thick as it
should be in Portulacaceae.
Clematis brevicaudata: White fls in corymbs,
white heads, pinnate lvs. Scandent vine, shrub thickets, Ussurian region.
Clematis fusca: Erect or scandent vine
,velvet brown solitary pendulous fls, curly rust-golden balls-heads.
Clintonia udensis: Bead Lily 40cm. Confusing
plant because berry-like blue fr. transform later in dry capsule without blue
color. Two wide lvs near base, lfless erect scape bearing an umbel of showy
yellowish-white fls. Likes shade.
Clinopodium chinense: 50 cm. Dense infl.
Lamiacea zygomorphic red fls.
Cochlearia officinalis: This annual-biannual
Cruciferae with erect or prostrate stems 30-40 cm high, small white fls and
reniform rosette lvs is very famous: in 1741 Georg Steller used it as
antiscorbutic remedy during dramatic period of Second Kamchatka Expedition
Codonopsis lanceolata: Twining stems, thick
rhizomes, campanulate up to 3 cm greenish outside, violet white spotty inside
fls. Rhombic lvs are clustered in 3-4. Stimulant (for female and male?).
Comarum palustre: (Potentilla palustris) Marsh
Five finger. 5-foliate lvs, purple fls., ascending stems. Justifies Latin name:
grows on bogs.
Convallaria keiskei: Lily of the valley from
Cornus alba: I like this shrub up to 3 m in
winter time: bright red twigs on snow background and white-bluish as snow
Cornus canadensis: Dwarf cornel, bunchberry.
10-20cm stems bear whorled lvs, fls greenish, yellow to purplish. Especially
ornamental in autumn: bright globose red frs above purplish lvs make attractive
coniferous forests of Sakhalin when other plants withered.
Cornus suecica: Swedish Cornel. Low 5-15 cm
herbs with few pairs of cauline lvs as well as the terminal cluster .Fls dark
purple, in a head 2-2.5cm across, the 4 white elliptic petal-like bracts. Fr.a
cluster of red round drupes.
*Corydalis gorodkovii: I was able to collect
only 100 seeds of this completely unknown in cultivation tuberous species. Some
of them I need to save for experiments. Excuse me if I am not generous in seed
quantity per packet. Occurs among stones as in stony desert on the top of
mountains reachable by helicopter. Who will late, I recommend to pay attention
at C.magadanica: this species is more luxury.
Corydalis magadanica: Yellow fleshy roundish corms, whitish-yellow or
white big fls, glaucous lvs. Endemic of the North Okhotsk sea shore.
First spring tender plant in our region. Grows on dry slopes.
Crataegus chlorosarca: Kamchatsk Hawthorn.
Small deciduous tree with spines, lvs ovate, 5-10cm long, lobed to incised, fls
white, drupes black. Unforgettable impression in autumn: bloody red lvs and
dark purple bark on the background of Kamchatka volcanoes and mountains covered
Crataegus flabellata: Fanleaf hawthorn
introduced in Sakhalin.
Crataegus maximoviczii Shrub or tree up to
7m.Native for Ussuri.
*Crataegus pinnatifida: Tree up to 5 m
high. Fls white, later pinkish. Fr.up to 15 mm long, scarlet
and very useful, medicinal. You can find them on markets in Ussurian region.
Cypripedium yatabeanum: Bad news
for Cyp lovers who spent all money ordering from other catalogs. This Cyp from
*Daphne kamtschatica: One of the treasures of
Kamchatka. Dioecious erect small shrub with thick yellow-brown
branchlets. Lvs cuneate-obovate, infl. axillary, sessile, fls
yellow, on very short pedicels, fr. bright red. Due to wet summer the harvest
is very poor. Stone birch forests in Kamchatka.
*Daphne jezoensis: According to keys fls of
this species are twice bigger than above. I did not see them. This up to 0.5 m
shrub with yellow fls grows in Sakhalin, Kurile islands and Japan.
Price of both species $1 per seed. If it is too expensive for your pocket you
can try to organize the group of people and travel to Kamchatka and Ussuri at
Dendranthema arctica: Arctic Daisy is an
ornament of Kamchatka, Sakhalin and Okhotsk sea shore rocks. The white heads
about 8 cm across with yellow centre on the background of fleshy pinnatifid lvs
greet sea tides the whole summer. The attractive perennial with creeping habit
will create dense clump in your Rock Garden.
Denranthema coreanum: Up to 50 cm high,3-15
heads 3-7 cm diam, ligules white, rare violet-pink. Rocks near sea shore.
Dendranthema maximoviczii: Up to 40 cm high.
2-6 heads 3-5 cm diam. Ligules white or pink. Limestone rocks. Ussuri.
Dendranthema nactongense: (Chrysanthemum
nactongense) Up to 70 cm high with solitary or 2-5 pinkish infl 3-5 cm diam.
Occurs in Ussurian region and Korea. Pretty.
Dendranthema sichotense: (syn. D. oreastrum)
Differs from above shorter stem up to 30cm h, bigger heads 4-6cm diam .Rocks
and scree slopes in Ussuri.
Dendranthema zawadskii: : First time I saw
this plant on bank of the river running from limestone rocks. All botanists are
very exciting by limestone flora. Besides, I was very young. I like this plant
with pink or white fls
Deutzia amurensis: Shrub 1.5 m. Lvs elliptic.
Peltate white infl 4-7 cm across, fls 1.2 cm diam. No odor but ornamental.
Deutzia glabrata: Differs from above: nude
peduncules, slightly bigger fls. Ussuri.
Diapensia obovata: Dense cushions are covered
white fls. They brighten up the grey stony background in highlands.
Dianthus amurensis: Ascending numerous stems
40 cm bearing pink fls 4 cm across. Grows on the rocks near sea shore in
(See photo on left). Mats forming up to 20 cm carnation with glaucous
lvs. Fls rose-colored 10-20 mm long. Sandy and rocky places.
Survives in high Arctic.
Dianthus chinensis: In contrast to nude
D.repens, this plant pubescent, 20 cm high, caespitose or with solitary shoots.
Fls from light pink to purplish. Stony slopes. Ussuri.
Dicentra peregrina: Broken
heart. 35cm h.Fls about 20 mm long, purplish to rose, bilaterally symmetrical.
Lvs bluish green, dissected into linear lobes. Stony and scree places.
East-Asiatic plant. Charming!
Dimorphostemon pectinatus: Can you excuse me -
annual? Up to 50 cm white small-flowered Cruciferae with glands came from China
to Okhotsk sea shore along river gravels.
Dioscorea nipponica: Scandent dioecious
perennial. Lvs resemble some ivy lvs. Fls small, in racemes, yellowish green.
Thickets in lowland to the foothills. Rhizomes are very popular in oriental
Draba aleutica: It is true, it occurs on
Aleutian Islands. But this is from Commander Islands. Very densely tufted, fls
pale yellow, silicles obovate to broadly pyriform. Solifluction areas in
mountains. Montane tundra species is not easily to germinate. Please, let me
know if you will have success.
Draba cinerea: Tomentose white
floweredDraba40cm h. from dry slopes of Siberia.
*Draba grandis: I published «Detective
story about one Linnaean species of Cruciferae» Linzer Biol. Beitr. 1995,
27/2, pp.1115-1122. This is about this species as well. Very unusual Draba.
Huge lvs (more than 10 cm), yellow fls, 17 cm high. But this is on rookeries of
Commander Islands. Report, please, what size will be in your Rock Garden.
Draba ussuriensis: From distance this Draba
looks as white cloud dropped on the rocks. This scapose perennial Cruciferae
meets and exceeds the requirements of real Rock Garden plant!
Dracocephalum palmatum: Creates
cushions. Violet fls of typical for Labiatae form. Strong pleasant odor. Native
only in Siberia, where colonizes barren stony slopes resisting hot sun rays.
Unknown in culture. Sorry for rejecting many orders last year due to small seed
quantity, this year crop is better.
Dryas grandis: As other Dryas but very big in
all parts, lvs tomentose beneath. Fls white. Gravels. Did not penetrate
Dryas punctata (incl. D.octopetatla) Dryas is
a symbol of Scottish Rock Garden Club and does not need comments.
Dryas ajanensis: Differs from above
whitish-grey dense pubescence on lvs. Montane tundra
Echinocystis lobata (Balsam apple, wild
cucumber): Ornamental monoecious climbing annual from Cucurbitaceae 7-10m long.
Lvs with triangular lobes. Staminate fls in long erect racemes, the pistillate
short pedunculed. Along fences around houses in Ussuri.
Eleutherococcus senticosus: (Acanthopanax
senticosus) Siberian Ginseng. Shrub covered by numerous prickles. Lvs palmate.
Fls small, in umbels. Stimulant, especially of mental activity. If you drink
the drops of rhizome extraction you will able to read my seed list to the end.
Elsholtzia patrinii: (E.ciliata) Another
annual but spicy with mint smell representative of Labiatae
*Emenion raddeanum: Ephemeroid,
rhizomatous plant 20-25 cm h. Twice ternate lvs. 1.5 cm diam white fls create
umbelloid infl. Ussurian forest.
Empetrum nigrum: Crowberry Procumbent dwarf
shrub with creeping branches. Lvs remind Phyllodoce lvs, fls inconspicuous, but
fr. are black shining big berries. Edible. Good for juice and jam. All parts
are medicinal, especially roots accumulated healing power of northern tundra.
Epilobium angustifolium: Fireweed.
Lilac-purple symbol of summer. Blooming thickets of tall plants resemble flame.
Erigeron oharae: (Aster
spathulifolius) Stems slightly woody 15-20cm long, branched from base, densely
hirsute. Lvs thick, puberulent. Heads3.5-4 cm across, blue purple. Only on the
rocks near seashore in Ussurian region. It is something! And new for your Rock
*Erigeron peregrine: Looks as Aster sibiricus but white, pink,
purplish or blue ligules arranged in few rows.
*Epimedium coreanum: Genus Epimedium is
popular among gardeners and do not need advertisement. Three colors combined in
pretty fls: white, pink sepals and yellow spur. Mirmecochorous seeds are
difficult to germinate.
Eritrichium sericeum: Blue sky coloured fls resemble Forget-Me-Not.
Silky silver lvs. Creates cushions. Dry burning by hot sun rays slopes with
steppe vegetation in Kolyma basin.
Ermania parryoides: You can find this rare
species from Cruciferae (Mustard) Family only in our seed list. Endemic of
Magadan region and Chukotka (close to Bering Strait, but did not penetrate
America). Low tomentose perennial with cuneate to flabellate 3-6-lobed lvs. Fls
in short racemes, white and whitish purple. Ideally adapted to rocky slopes,
even to moving scree slopes.
*Erythronium sibiricum: This bulbous plant
resembles me exotic tropical pink bird flying above two opposite elliptic lvs.
Welcome to Euonymus (Wahoo) kingdom whose charm is
not in the fls or foliage but striking hanging fruits with pretty"
*Euonymus maackii: (Maack Wahoo) Deciduous
tall shrub up to 3m, lvs elliptic, fls pale green, small, fr. ornamental when
Euonymus maximoviczii: I was very impressed
this Ussurian tree up to 2.5 m in fall: without lvs but with abundant 4 winged
capsules hanging on 10 cm long peduncules, seeds with orange red arils. This is
something for the neighbors to speak about!
Euonymus macroptera: Tree up to 9m. Lvs
elliptic, acute at top. Fls greenish-white. Infl 9-21 fls.
Euonymus pauciflora: Shrub 1.5-2.5 m. Capsule
4-angled, 4-lobed. Seeds black with orange aril. This bright "eyes"
wink at you in windy weather.
Euonymus sachalinensis: Up to 2m, lvs almost
coriaceous, glossy, 5-15 purplish fls in pendulous umbels, capsule dark pink.
Native for Sakhalin and Japan.
Euonymus sacrosancta: Shrub up to 4m with
solitary or 3-clustered fls.
Eupatorium lindleanum: Boniest "Pink
cloud" on the meadow. 40-70 cm. Opposite lvs, heads numerous, small, in
dense corymbs. Ussurian inhabitant.
*Falcata japonica: Herbaceous vine 1 m long
with ternate lvs and modest 15 mm long lilac fls. Ussurian forests.
Filipendula palmata: To 1.5m, lvs tomentose
beneath. Meadows of China, Korea, Eastern Siberia and Russian Far East. Pretty
in fls, tea has honey smell.
Filipendula kamtschatica: Another
representative of famous Kamchatka tall forbs 1-2 m long with palmately (3-5)-
cleft lvs, fls small, white or slightly pink in large infl. Meadows. How tall
will it be in your area?
Forsythia obovata.: Chinese deciduous shrub
cultivated successfully on south of the Russian Far East.
Fraxinus mandshurica: Mandshursk Ash. Large
deciduous tree, lvs opposite, 7-11 foliate . Ussurian region.
Fraxinus rhynchophylla: Ornamental
fast-growing tree 10-12 m. Lvs in all hues of golden-yellow to purple in fall.
It will be greeting from Ussuri in your dendrological collection.
camschatcensis: Kamchatsk Lily with globose bulbs, stems 10-50cm long,
lvs in verticils, fls dark chocolate, broadly campanulate, fetid, but exotic
color and graceful habit justify its presence in your garden. Meadows, rocky
places along the streams.
*Fritillaria ussuriense: Differs from above:
lvs and bracts with tendrils, variegate fls with chess pattern. Ussuri and
Chinese remarkable representative.
Galium verum: Yellow bedstraw. Attention
women! E.Viereck believes this herb helps to be slimmer due to special
metabolism of its organic acids. Lvs in whorls of 8-12, fls in dense showy
*Galium kamtschaticum: Differs from above
white small fls.
Gentiana algida: Canadian visitor noticed
variegate color of this famous montane Gentian is different from plants of
montane Canadian Arctic. Highlands meadows in Kolyma basin.
Gentiana auriculata: 5-20cm, biennial, fls
blue, 2-3 cm long, the lobes of calyx auriculate.
Gentiana barbata: Biennial 50cm, long blue
Gentiana glauca: Perennial 5-10 cm, fls pale
blue about 2 cm long. With above species this is modest addition to your
Gentiana tenella: Just for collectors of
Gentians this small branched plant with tiny 6-10mm long blue fls can be of
Gentiana triflora: Perennial 50cm, fls are
solitary or of 5 in axils and on the top, fascinating light blue color, 4cm
Geranium erianthum: Perennial 30-40
cm,lvs5-7-lobed, 3-5 fls 2-3 cm across, rose-violet. We can presume that in
past this species migrated across Beringian Bridge from Asia to Alaska and
back. Let us help to distribute this pleasant plant further!
*Geum macrophyllum: Impressive Geum 50 cm h.
from Commander Islands. Pinnate rosette lvs really big, fls 10-15 mm
diam., yellow. Gravels, river banks, meadows.
Glehnia littoralis: 40cm, from Sakhalin
littoral. I am sure Umbelliferae lovers do not omit this interesting almost
buried in the sand plant so different from another Umbelliferae. One client
informed me it is good remedy for lungs, especially in dry climate.
*Globularia aphyllanthes: 5-25 cm h., lvs
linear or elliptic, basal lvs in rosette, fl.. solitary, globose, 0.8-1.5 cm
diam. Fls grey-blue, zygomorphic. Rare relic plant from limestone of Ural.
*Goniolimon speciosum: This is a greeting from
salty steppes of Ural. 10-50 cm h. Rosette lvs wide-lanceolate, imbricate
2-rows spikes assembled in panicle or peltate infl. 1.5-2.5 cm long, 1-1.5 cm
wide. Petals violet-pink.
Gorodkovia jakutica: Endemic of
North-East Siberia from alpine belt. Compound pinnate lvs, white with violet
hue fls, curled after blooming stems.
Glycyrrhiza pallidiflora: (Lycorice)
Herbaceous stems 1-1.5 m, fls pale-violet, 9-10 mm long, in dense racemes, lvs
pinnate. Pungent pods in dense heads look strange: as multiple monster head.
Promising for medicine.
Gypsophila pacifica: Branched perennial70cm,
glaucous, lvs linear to lanceolate. Fls white, small, in paniculate infl. Also
very promising for medicine.
*Gypsophila patrinii (G. sambukii): Can you
imagine pink small fls assembled in dense heads above needle-like fleshy
rosette lvs? It will be this plant 16 (20) cm h. First time in my
catalog. Since this is Siberian endemic I doubt you can find it in another
catalog. This is another greeting from wonderful world of limestones in Magadan
Gypsophila violacea: Low (8-10
cm) branched perennial, dark violet fls, numerous glands. Very good for Rock
Halenia corniculata: Spurred Gentian. This
pale yellow flowered (6-7 mm long with spur 3-7 mm) annual can be addition to
your Gentian collection.
Hedysarum hedysaroides: Typical for Pea family
large dark purple fls in short infl. Stem not branched, low. Gravel.
*Hedysarum gmelinii: From Ural. Differences in
pattern of veins on fruits.
moellendorffii: Stems up to 70-100cm long, pinnate large lvs,
umbels large, rays 7-10cm long. Ussuri.
Heracleum dulce: Over 2 m tall giant from
Kamchatka. In contrast to above species lvs 3-foliate. Everybody who visited
Tromso in Norway remembered this city first of all due to giant Heracleum on
Heteropappus saxomarinus: This looking as
Aster plant up to 30 cm with many pink or blue infl grows on coast rocks of
Ussuri and Korea.
Honkenia peploides: Sea Purslane, sea beach
sandwort. Trailing flashy rhizomatous plants. Fls whitish, fr globose. Sands of
Okhotsk sea shore.
Hordeum jubatum: Would you like to have
pink-red silky waves in your garden in fall? Plant this grass 20-50 cm high
from Okhotsk seashore! Only here the spikes are raspberry-red coloured in
Hydrangea paniculata: Branched shrub. Lvs
elliptic. Infl. pyramidal, 9-18 cm diam., neutral fls white or pale rose. Easy
Hosta lancifolia (Funkia lancifolia) Lvs
lanceolate. Fls purplish, tubular (typical for Lily family), in simple raceme.
Rhizomatous plant, rare in Ussuri.
Hypericum ascyron: Perennial 50-80 cm tall,
fls yellow to reddish, 4-6 cm across. Meadows. Ussurian region.
Hypericum gebleri: Little bit smaller in all
parts than above. Amur basin.
Hypericum attenuatum: Resembles above, but
much smaller in all parts. Ussurian region.
*Hypericum kamtschaticum: To 30 cm h., fls
pale yellow, 1.2-1.5 cm diam. Kamchatka meadows, stone birch forests.
Iris ensata (I.kaempferi): To 80 cm h. Fls
purplish-violet with yellow spots. Ussurian meadows.
Iris laevigata: Lvs are longer than stems. Fls
1.5 cm, blue. Wet places.
Iris setosa: Wild Flag Would you like to
arrange blue Iris meadow in your garden from hardy plant from Siberia? Smaller
than above but much less capricious.
*Jeffersonia dubia: Solitary blue 2.5 cm diam
fls pretty. Plant scapose, 15-20 cm h. Petioles 20 cm long ending bypeltate
lvs. Blooms in April in Ussuri.
Juniperus davurica: Dahursk Juniper Prostrate
shrub with needle-like lvs. Terminal short twigs are covered scale-like lvs.
Rocks of eastern Siberia, Mongolia and Russian Far East.
Juniperus rigida: Tree up to 10 m. Crown oval.
Needles rigid, 25-28 mm long, in 3. Fr. black, glaucous, 6-10 mm across. Rock
or coast sands in Ussuri and Japan.
Juniperus sargentii: Prostrate shrub. Round
twigs are covered scale-like glaucous lvs. Coast rocks of Sakhalin, Kuriles and
Juniperus sibirica: Siberian Juniper.
Evergreen prostrate shrub forming patches, lvs needle-like, fr glaucous-blue.
Would you like gin, medicine or to train your skill in pruning and getting
miraculous green animals?
*Lagotis glauca: In Russia people call it
vanilla grass due to pleasant smell of small blue fls in spike-form infl. Basal
lvs 1-3 ovate to nearly orbiculate, fleshy. Wet places in Kamchatka tundra.
Larix gmelinii (L.dahurica ): If you would
like to have in your garden collection of trees real East Siberian tree try to
grow Dahursk Larch. It will excite you in spring by delicate green needle
appearance. In fall you will long for bright summer looking at golden dropping
needles. This species is a winner in hard competition with other trees in our
severe conditions of permafrost, icy wind and incredible low temperature.
Lathyrus maritimus: Beach Pea. Decumbent to
suberect perennial, fls 5-10, purple, lvs glaucous, fleshy.
Ledum palustre: Labrador Tea. Low shrub, fls
white, in umbel-like clusters, lvs linear, shiny above, brown woolly beneath.
Popular as medicinal.
Ledum decumbens: Narrow leaf form of
L.palustre, in mountains prostrate.
Ledum hypoleucum: Differs from L.palustre by
bigger lvs white tomentose beneath, therefore more ornamental. Strong odorous
felt in forests, Sakhalin people consider it exciting -.
Leontopodium stellatum: Stellate Edelweiss. Endemic of
North Okhotsk sea shore with big infl. Dry slopes. If you need evidence of your
love to ladies, you need this plant.
Leontopodium leontopodioides: More modest than
above without distinct "star". Perfectly adapted to growing on rocks
in Eastern Siberia, Mongolia, Ussuri, China and Korea.
Lespedeza bicolor: Ornamental shrub 1-3m, fls
pink, in pendulous racemes, lvs elliptic. Fixes Nitrogen in poor soils.
Lespedeza tomentosa: Would you like to have
species from Himalayas? You don’t need to travel so far. It occurs in
Ussuri as well. In contrast to above shrub this plant has herbaceous stems up
to 80cm h. Fls 7-9mm long, clustered racemes, white or creamy-white.
Leymus mollis: Dunegrass Stout, erect,
glaucous, culms hairy under dense spike. Good for anti erosive aims.
Ligularia fischeri: 1.5m representative of
Asiatic genus Asteraceae, lvs cordate-reniform, raceme-like infl yellow. Wet
forests and meadows.
Ligusticum scoticum: Scotch lovage. Biternate
lvs ornamental, fls white or pinkish in umbels. Sea shore.
Lilium buschianum: Up to 0,7-1m. Fls 1-6, red
orange, with small dark spots, petals up to 4 cm long. Ussuri plus
Mongolia and Eastern Siberia.
Lilium callosum: 30-100cm h. Fls few, nodding,
orange-red, 3-4cm long. Dry slopes in oak forests in Ussuri.
Lilium cernum: 80(100)cm h., 1-3(8) fls
nodding, lilac coloured with brown spots, up to 4 cm diam. Dry slopes, rocks
near seashore. Occurs in oak forests of Ussuri, China and Korea.
Lilium debile: L.medeoloides) 70cm, 1-10
fls pendulous, 4-6cm diam., orange-red, dark spotty.
Lilium distichum: Up to 0.6-1 m. Fls 1-5,
pendulose, yellow-orange, with rare dark spots, 6-8 cm across. I suspect you
don't have this pretty Lily that occurs in Ussuri, China and Koreas well.
Lilium pumilum: (L.tenuifolium)1m, linear
alternate lvs, fls pendulous, brightly red, seldom yellow, without spots.
Linnaea borealis: Twinflower. Many people know
this plant (named in honour of great Carl Linnaeus) with creeping stems and
elegant miniature whitish to rose nodding campanulate fls. But how many people
are familiar with fruits of this plant that is so common in North hemisphere?
Now small seed amount is available.
Linum komarovii: Komarov flax. If people compare pretty
blue eyes with this flower I do not need describe the heavenly beauty of Linum
color. Once planted you can enjoy this miraculous color every summer because
this is perennial. Lvs linear. Flourishes along the streams on carbonate water
drained soil or on dry slopes in Kolyma basin.
Linum amurense: The same as L.komarovii but
fls smaller: petals 0.8-1.3 cm long. Amur and Ussuri basins.
Lomatogonium rotatum: Marsh-felwort. Annual
Gentianaceae 40cm, but stop, don't neglect: rotate plate-form fls color is as
sky during good weather.
Lonicera (Honeysuckle) edulis: Blue delicious
oblong berries of this shrub are the favourite and most valuable berries in our
Lonicera chamissoi: Transparent red globose double berries are not
edible. Very ornamental shrub due to fr. and pink big fls. Forests
of East Asia.
Lonicera chrysantha: Ornamental shrub up to 4m
with yellow fls 1.4-2cm long in lvs axils. Fr.5-9 mm across, red. Collected in
Lonicera maackii: 5m shrub, fls 2cm long,
white, axillary. Ornamental. Ussuri
Lonicera maximoviczii: 3.5m shrub, fls
purplish-violet, 1cm, fr. double, bright red.
Lonicera ruprechtiana: To 3 m h., glandulose
lvs, fls 14-18 mm long, white. Fr. red. Ornamental. Ussurian forests.
Lychnis fulgens: Up to 1 m Caryophyllaceae
with fire-red fls. Striking bright color of this plant you can see in forests
and meadows of Ussuri. It seems the scarlet flame of these plants can be seen
even at night time.
Lychnis sibirica: Up to 30 cm 2-9 stems from
the root bearing pink or white fls 7-12 mm long. Dry places in Siberia,
Mongolia, Russian Far East. Recommend for Rock Gardens.
*Lychnis ajanensis: Differs from above: pubescent stems shorter, fls
bigger. It was risky to obtain seeds from vertical rocks where it
grows in cracks. But its beauty deserves it. I award this species
the honourable title «Seed 2001».
Maackia amurensis: I am glad to suggest this
real Amur-Ussurian species from Leguminosae family for the first time in my
list. Tree up to 5m, infl of 3-7 whitish racemes arranged in a
panicle.7-11leaflets ovate ,4-7 cm long. Legumes broadly linear, 6-9 cm long.
Magnolia kobus: Successfully introduced in
Ussurian region middle size tree.
Majanthemum bifolium: False
Lily-of-the-Valley. Lvs cordate, small white fls in raceme, red globose
Majanthemum dilatatum: Differs from above
wider dark green glossy lvs.
Menispermum dahuricum: Let me know, please if
you will be successful in growing this remarkable vine 5m long with peltate
lvs, greenish-yellow 20-30 fls 6mm diam, black poisonous berries. From rocks
and shrub thickets of Ussuri. Rhizomes are good remedy for hypertension.
*Mertensia maritima: One of the most beautiful plants of sand beach of
Okhotsk sea shore. You will not tired this plant: campanulate blue
fls change their color to pink on the background of fleshy
*Micromeles alnifolia (Sorbus alnifolia,
Micromeles Section): Tree 15 m h. Lvs ovate, fls white,
1.6cm across, inf corymbose. Fr apple-like, red, 8-12 mm long, edible. Exotics
Miscanthus purpurascens: Very ornamental grass
from Ussurian region. Especially pretty silky pink-violet panicle.
*Myosotis suaveolens: Forget me not with
Moehringia lateriflora: Small Caryophyllaceae
plant with pure white auxillary fls resembling tiny stars dropped in dense
Myrica tomentosa: Sweet Gale. Shrub up to 1m
tall with odorous resin-dots. Lvs cuneate-oblanceolate. Swamps. I can't
understand why this species is so popular, the reason of abundant inquires is
smell, medicinal properties or something else?
Nardosmia frigida: (Petasites frigidus)
Northern sweet coltsfoot. Tomentose beneath lvs are warm in fact. Your choice:
grow this plant for treatment of cough or ask this plant colonize bare gravel
along stream in your garden.
Nardosmia glacialis: (Petasites glacialis)
Differs from above nude on both sides ovate lvs, solitary heads. Scree slopes
and gravels. Endemic of East Siberia.
Oenothera muricata: Introduced in Ussurian
region species of Evening-Primrose.
Orostachys spinosa: Rosettes 2-6 cm diam.,
almost globose, Spike-like green-yellowish raceme 5-15 cm long. Rocks. Kids
call this plant "Hare cabbage".
Oxycoccus microcarpus: Cranberry from bogs of
Oxyria digyna: Mountain Sorrel. Very popular
as substitute of sourdock in wilderness. Up to 35 cm high, lvs reniform. Fls
small, but fr. with red wings therefore attractive in fall.
Oxytropis excerta: Up to 15 cm, silky grey
pubescent. Fls 3-5 in raceme, 2.5 cm long, pendulous, purplish. Fr.1.5-2cm
long, outstanding from calyx. Gravels and rocks of Anadyr and Kolymabasins,
Kamchatka and Northern Kuriles. Endemic
Oxytropis maydelliana: Caespitose, lvs
11-21-foliate, pilose. Fls yellow, brown stipules. Stony slopes. Again example
of Beringian connections between America and Asia. Candidate in Rock Garden. I
suspect it can survive even in dry seasons in Australia.
Oxytropis ochotensis: Endemic of Okhotsk sea
area up to 15cm h, fls purple, silver lvs. Scree slopes in tundra.
Oxytropis pumilio: Dwarf, mat forming, 3-5
pairs lvs, fls violet. Dry tundra.
Oxytropis revoluta Racemes 2-5-flowered,
petals bluish-violet to purplish, fr. black and white pubescent. Lvs 7- 13
foliate .Plant densely turfed. Stony slopes, river banks. Kamchatka.
*Oxytropis ruthenica: «Ruthenica»
means Russian. Purplish fls, silky pubescent, 25 cm h. Endemic of Ussuri.
Oxytropis strobilacea: Fls 18-20 mm,
violet-purple, lvs and fr silky pubescent. Kasmchatka.
*Oxytropis sp. Cushion silky pubescent plant
from limestones of mount Ezop. In surrounding of the mount with such name this
plant did not say me its name openly.
Padus asiatica: Asiatic bird-cherry. Small
tree to 15m White loose fragrant racemes, fr. black, edible, very popular in
Russia as ornamental tree. Crashed fruits are used in pie.
Padus ssiori: (Prunus ssiory) Tree 7m,
bird-cherry from Sakhalin, occurs in Japan as well.
Papaver amurense: Fls mostly white, sometimes
yellow. Native for East Siberia and China.
Papaver keelei: 15-20 cm high bright yellow
flowered (1.5-2.5 cm long petals) perennial poppy from stony places of Arctic
Papaver nudicaule: Loosely turfed up to50cm,
fl yellow or white. Its beauty ephemeral but exciting.
*Papaver sp.: White fls, from
*Parageum calthifolium (Geum calthifolium): 40
cm h., villous, lvs lyrate-pinnate. Fls 30-50 mm diam., yellow. Dunesnear sea
on Commander Islands.
Parnassia palustris: Arctic Grass of
Parnassus. Slender erect stems 15-20 cm tall bearing one white star-like fls
1.8-2.6 cm across. Wet meadows switch on these modest beauty "stars".
*Parrya nudicaulis: Pilots from Chukotka call
this plant lilac due to small of Syringa producing by big pink-violet fls of
typical for Cruciferae structure. Lvs rosette, fleshy, glabrous. Volcano Avacha
slopes in Kamchatka.
Parthenocyssus tricuspidatus: Boston Ivy. I
could not resist to include in seed list another plant with blue fr. High
climbing and freely branched woody vine 3-4 m long, 0.5-1 cm wide. Tendrils
with preformed adhesive disks. Lvs mostly or all cordate and 3-lobed.Small fls
aggregated in terminal clusters. Native of China, Japan and Ussuri. Deserves
attention for creation of beautiful living fences.
Parthenocyssus quinquefolia: Differs from
above 5-foliate lvs. Cultivated in Ussuri.
Patrinia rupestris: Candidate in your Rock
Garden of high rating: low turf perennial with yellow peltate infl. Close to
Valeriana but low plant. Also has sedative properties. Only in Asia and only on
dry stony slopes.
*Patrinia scabiosifolia: Much taller than
Pedicularis adamsii: Sun rays can stop and
spray in white wooly-tomentose stems of this pink flowered Siberian plant 8-20
*Pedicularis albolabiata: 15-25 cm h. bicolor
louse wort: lilac-purplish with purplish dots upper lip, the lower lip white.
Wet tundra in Kamchatka.
Pedicularis amoena: Amoena means pleasant. It is true: dense pink fls
whorls predominant, lvs inconspicuous. Likely P.adamsii occurs on
Pedicularis capitata: I know this yellow
bighead flowered lousewort 15cm h is not surprising for Americans but were you
lucky to catch seeds and try to grow with? 3 cm long in spike-like infl.
Pedicularis resupinata:Pink flowered Lousewort
60 cm high from Okhotsk sea shore meadows.
Pedicularis sceptrum-carolinum: Another yellow
flowered plant 60 cm h, fls as Pedicularis spicata
Pedicularis sp.: Collected in fr.
Peucedanum litorale: (P.deltoideum) Another
new candidate from Ussuri for your Rock Garden. Survives in cracks on the
vertical rocks near sea shore on open windy places on the islands. Miniature
(30 cm) Umbelliferae family resistant representative. Fls white, blooming in
the second half of summer or in September. Lvs ternately pinnate.
Phellodendron amurense: Small cork tree, lvs
opposite, pinnate, fls yellowish-green, drupe black, globose, fragrant.
Phellodendron sachalinense: According to
literature, cork layer is thinner, twigs reddish-brawn in contrast
yellow-brawn, leaflets more shortly acute- that are all differences between
Phellodendron from Ussuri and Phellodendron from Sakhalin. Can you compare and
tell me: is it true?
Philadelphus tenuifolius: Even if you close
eyes you can identify this species for sure: pleasant odor of white fls. This
species of Mock-orange reaches 3 m high in shadow forests and stony slopes of
China, Korea, Ussuri.
Phragmites australis: Common reed. Stout 2-3m,
extensively colonial, infl subtended by a tuft of silky hairs. Coll. from the
volcanic ash fields in Kamchatka.
Phyllodoce coerulea: Mountain-heath. This
pretty plant is so popular among rock gardeners that I doubt you need
description. Only for people who did not try yet happiness to admire this
circumboreal species: stems covered by needle-like lvs create emerald spots
with pink elegant pendulous fls above.
Physocarpus opulifolius: Shrub cultivated in
Picea ajanensis: Ajan Spruce from Kamchatka
Picea korajensis: Spruce up to 30 m. Occurs in
Dahuria, Ussuri and Korea.
Picea obovata: Siberian spruce.
*Pinus densiflora: Pine from the south of
Ussuri, quite close to Pinus sylvestris.
Pinus koraiensis: This pine is pride of Far
East people. This is the main tree in Ussurian taiga 40-45 m high, 1-1.5m diam.
Needles in five, 7-20 cm long, cones 12-15 cm long, 5-10 cm diam. Delicious
nuts 15-20 mm long, about 10 mm diam. The harvest of nuts is 50 kg/ha, it can
produce 7 kg of oil. Life expectancy of this "citizen"400-450 years.
In spite of Latin name "koraiensis" the main area in Russia- 5
millions ha. After Ussurian tigers this pine is second treasure.
Pinus pumila: Siberian Dwarf Pine. Needles in
5, cones with nuts. Very variable in habit: from tree-like to prostrate shrub.
The most surprising character is active twig movements on onset of frost- very
clever plant! Nuts are rich vitamins and oil. Prevent erosion of soil on the
Pinus sibirica People in Far East are proud of
Pinus koraiensis and Siberian people equally proud of P.sibirrica. Both these
trees deserve respect and love. They are related and look similar. The nuts
were collected in vicinity of famous Baikal lake.
*Plantago kamtschatica: Green glabrous or
almost glabrous plantain from Kamchatka.
*Plantago macrocarpa: Grey soft pubescent. I
hesitated to include two these species in seed list. But gardeners work so
hard! What should heal their labour corns?!
Platycodon grandiflorus: Erect
40-100cmperennialherbs from Campanulaceae, blue fls 4-5cm across.
Plectranthus excisus: In the end of October in
Ussuri I had chance to observe interesting phenomena: bases of this annuals
were cracked and surrounded by ice, what is most surprising that outside of
Plectranthus thickets ice was absolutely absent everywhere. My
version: essential oils of this Labiatae plant evaporate, temperature
drops and dew or moist air transform to ice. Do you laugh? Try to arrange
thickets from this 1m annual with blue axillary racemes of abundant small 8mm
long fls near your yard fence and write me your explanation.
Pleurospermum gmelinii: (P.uralense) Who like
Umbelliferae can add collection by this Asiatic plant up to 2 m high.
Unbranched erect stem, three - twice pinnate lvs, fls white or greenish ,in
Poa eminens: Big bluegrass endemic of Okhotsk
Polemonium acutiflorum: Jacob's Ladder. Would
you like a piece of blue sky in your garden? Arrange group planting of Jacob's
Ladder! Grows on wet meadows in Siberia and Far East, 30-40 cm high, fls
Polemonium boreale: (P.villosum) Absence of
cilia on petals differs this species from above one.
Polygonatum officinalis: (Solomon's Seal) Can
you imagine Convallaria (Lily of the Valley) with many lvs and axillary
solitary yellowish green fls? It will be Polygonatum. Near sea shore on the
meadows in Ussuri.
Polygonatum involucratum: Differs from above
:presence of bracts. Ussuri.
Polygonum sachalinense: People can hide easily
in thickets of this another representative of Sakhalin tall forb -giant
knotwood with ovate-cordate lvs to 30cm, stems 1-3m. Native of Sakhalin.
*Polygonum veirichii: Differs from above more
branched 150-200 cm stems, wider lvs.
*Potentilla asperrima: name corresponds to
habitus: densely covered by glands and simple hairs, ternate lvs, yellow fls
20-25mm diam. Rocks in Magadan region.
Potentilla fragiformis Looks as Strawberry
but fls yellow, 2-3cm across, more hairy. Grassy slopes, seashore sands.
Potentilla inquinans: White fls, abundance of
glands, 45cm h. Rocks in Kolyma basin.
*Potentilla nivea: again name indicates
correctly the peculiarity of plant: white as snow ternate tomentose lvs.
Elegant30cmh.plant from mountain tundra.
Potentilla nudicaulis: Pinnate lvs, dense
yellowish pubescence. Steppe slopes.
Potentilla rupifraga: Excellent for Rock Gardens: shiny coriaceous
ternate lvs, bright yellow fls, only on the rocks of Okhotsk
Potentilla stipulrais: 35-40cm h plant with
palmate lvs, long petioles, yellow 10-20mm diam fls. Remnant from former
steppes of Kolyma basin with walking heads of mammoths and bizons.
Potentilla stolonifera: If you are not very
attentive you can confuse this species with strawberry: stolons elongate,
leaflets of radical leaves 5-7 (rarely 3-9), the lower pairs gradually smaller,
the upper 3 nearly equal, larger. Fls yellow. Sunny slopes of Sakhalin,
Kuriles, Okhotsk sea shore, China, Japan and India.
*Primula cuneifolia: These pretty pink
sometimes pinkish-white fls as a key open the door for spring in our
suburbs at 59 degrees N. Nude cuneate lvs. Scapes become longer only at
the end of flowering.
*Primula farinosa: Differs from above white
wax layer on lvs beneath and under bunch of light pink fls on scapes.
*Primula sachalinensis: Narrow endemic of
Sakhalin. Close to Above. Differs: more stout stems, bigger other parts.
From volcano slope in Sakhalin.
Pulsatilla multifida: Pasqueflower The first
spring fls in our region Big wooly blue-purple fls are in a hurry to see sun
through snow, palmately divided lvs develop after floration.
Pulsatilla magadanensis: Miraculous small
Magadan Pasqueflower, elegant fls from white to lilac, lvs thin-pinnate, grows
only on scree slopes in few places in Magadan region. It was described from
here. Endemic. Ideal for Rock Gardens.
Pulsatilla dahurica: Dahursk Pasqueflower Much
bigger than above, lvs pinnate, fls violet, pendulous. Gravels, dry slopes in
continental regions. Plumose silky fruits are very attractive colored.
Pulsatilla ajanensis: Resembles slightly P.dahuricabut another ecology:
you will never meet it on gravel, you will enjoy your finding in
Pyrola incarnata: Wintergreen. We do not
have Convallaria on Okhotsk sea shore. People call P.incarnata Kolyma
Convallaria- scapes bearing perfect charming crimson to pink fls, lvs
orbicular, leathery. Plants form extensive loose mats.
Pyrola obtusata: Miniature pyrola with
greenish-white pendulous fls in one side raceme.
Pyrus ussuriensis: Ussuri pear tree.
Ranunculus eschscholtzianus: Tiny buttercup
from sphagnum bogs with solitary fls.
Rhamnus davurica: Dahursk buckthorn. Deciduous
large dioecious shrub, lvs obovate, fls small, yellowish-green, fr. black,
*Rhododendron adamsii: Many advantages for
Rock Gardeners: pale pink very odorous impressive fls, prostrate of low height,
beautiful light brown bark. One disadvantage: very poor crop. Number of seeds
of this species common on Tibet plateau and rare on limestones in our region is
very restricted. Again excuse me I will not be generous in number seeds per
Rhododendron aureum: Golden Rhododendron.
Foreigners who were happy to see the flowers of this Rhododendron admire big
yellow umbels, evergreen glossy lvs. If you do not have yet this unusual
Rhododendron from Asia, you should try to grow.
*Rhododendron camtschaticum: Low deciduous shrub with
purple 4cm across fls, lvs obovate-cuneate. Favourite of
Scottish Rock Gardeners in spite of its absence in wild flora.
Rhododendron dauricum: There are many songs
about this Rhododendron in Russia. In April the shrubs does not have lvs yet,
but there are a lot of light-pink with violet hue fls 2.5-4 cm across. The best
gift from Amur, Ussuri this time of the year is twig of this shrub with
unopened flower buds. Sleeping twig will awake on your window sill and bring in
your house spring inspiration. Up to 2m. Glands and scales are typical for this
Daurian-Ussurian-Chinese shrub that likes light places ,does not escape rocks.
Rhododendron fauriei: Evergreen shrub 1-3 m
high, lvs coriaceous, narrowly oblong. Fls 3-4 cm diam., white or pinkish, pale
green spotted on inside of upper lobe. Sikhote-Alin Mountains. Rarity!
Rhododendron japonicum: Deciduous shrub1-2m h.
Golden-yellow fls. 5-6cm diam. Introduced in Ussuri from Japan.
Rhododendron mucronulatum: Deciduous shrub
1-2m high. It is very exciting to put bare twigs of this shrub in spring in
vase with water and then enjoy rose-purple fls 4-5cm diam covering abundantly
the twigs before lvs. Creates thickets in Ussuri.
Rhododendron parvifolium: Up to 1m erect or
prostrate evergreen shrub with coriaceous lvs and pink-violet fls 1.5-2cm
across. You can drive the whole hour along thickets of this species in autumn
and did not notice anything. But if you will be in right time during blooming
you will stop to drive and breathe: unforgettable view! Bogs remind unrealistic
magic pink-violet world.
Rhododendron redowskianum: I am proud to have
this species in my seed list, I know this rarity is a dream of many Rock
Gardeners who left efforts to find this up to 25 cm deciduous dwarf shrub in
another catalogs. Purplish fls.
Deciduousshrub0.5-3m high, fls pale-pink, 5-7 cm diam. Greeting from Kurile
Rhododendron sichotense: Botanists from
Vladivostok believes this species differs from Rh.mucronulatum by phenological
Rhus tiphina var.laciniata: I was impressed in
autumn by huge bright red dissected lvs of this exotic shrub. Successfully
introduced in Ussurian region.
Ribes dikuscha: Aldan Currant. People call
this plant Aldan grapes for big black glaucous racemes of delicious fruits.
Tall shrub grows in Yakutia (Aldan basin etc.) and Kolyma basin. Can compete in
price only with Lonicera edulis berries in our region. Good source for
selection and hybridization.
Ribes fragrans: Odorous Currant with strong
pleasant coniferous smell due to endless glands on all parts of this real
Siberian species. Popular reddish-black berries are collected in big
quantities. Do not try to find this species outside scree slopes. It is
faithful such habitat.
Ribes latifolia: Red Currant from Sakhalin.
Berries edible. Occurs also in Japan.
Ribes triste: Northern Red Currant. Prostrate
or ascending shrub, fls purple, berry red, transparent, good to eat.
Robinia pseudoacacia: Black Locust Tree to 25
m with spines, fls white, fragrant. Cultivated in Ussurian region.
The collection of wild Ussurian Roses follows. Do not
neglect these plants whose fruits absorbed the magic power of famous Ussurian
Rosa acicularis: Bristly rose. Shrub
to1-2m,densely beset with straight prickles, fls solitary, pink or deep rose,
Rosa amblyotis Resembles above, but with
opposite thorns Rosa dahurica: 1-3 fls deep pink, 3-4 cm across, fr. globose
orelliptic, 1-2 cm across, red.
Rosa dahurica: Differs from above glands
on lvs beneath.
Rosa maximoviczii: Climbing rose with umbels
of white fls and most delicious fr. Unknown but deserves attention.
Rosa rugosa: Very popular in cultivation, in
Ussurian region grows wild on seashore. Fr. resemble small apples. People
crowds invade this Rose thickets and pick up fleshy delicious fr.
Rubus arcticus: I don't know more fragrant
berry, add to another jam and you can invite guests. Pure Rubus arcticus jam is
Rubus chamaemorus: Cloudberry A low plant with
white fls and strange berries: unripe berries are red color, ripe berries are
yellow-orange color and heavenly delicious. Bogs.
Rubus crataegifolius: Thorny shrub to 1.5-2m.
White fls, red delicious berries. Ussuri, China.
Rubus sachalinense: Sachalin Raspberry.
Berries are not so abundant but its taste is evaluated by brown bears very
*Rubus stellatus: Similar to R.arcticus but
lvs not ternate but three lobate. Meadows of Commander Islands.
Do you know that in Arctic, willows and saxifrages
occupy leading positions in floristic diversity? Let us introduce you with some
of these heroes!
*Salix arctica ssp. crassijulis :Differs from known typical S.arctice wider thicker lvs.
Slopes of volcano Avacha in Kamchatka.
:Prostrate or cushion dwarf shrub. Rhomboid lvs. Pleasant smell. Subalpine
belt. Dry mountain tundra. Magadan region.
:Magadan people are proud this remarkable species named in honor their city. I
think you should see the impressive mats on the top of mount «Stone
Crown» in Nagaevo Bay where Magadan is located. Excellent for Rock
Gardens. Shiny roundish lvs are tiny and catkins as well.
:This willow prefers the following strategy - it warms itself by
“coat“ from persistent for at least 3 years the old lvs covering
the basal parts. Dwarf shrub forming mats - is there enough space in your rock
*Salix reticulata :I
think this dwarf prostrate arctic-alpine species with beautiful pattern of
veins on lvs beneath is most known Rock Gardeners. Kamchatka.
:Prostrate shrub. Lvs long-yellow-petiolated, obovate blunt, dull green above,
glaucous beneath. Stony places in Kolyma and Okhotsk sea basins.
;0.5 m tall prostrate or ascending willow with coriaceous dentate lvs. New in
my catalog and unknown in your garden, I am sure. Try to grow this
representative of Chukotka, Yakutia and Okhotsk sea shore. This is real
challenge. I was taught by specialist in willow: better to keep Salix seeds
frozen. I kept frozen.
kamtschatica :Kamchatsk Elder. Large shrub,
fls white, fr. red, globose, in large umbellate corymbs.
:Differs from above: pubescence on infl. and young shoots.
Sanguisorba officinalis Great Burnet with stems up to 1m and blood color cylindrical
Sanguisorba tenuifolia: Differs from above white infl. and more narrow lvs.
*Saussurea grandifolia :1.2 m, lvs coriaceous, pubescent, ovate, dentate. 3-20 heads
1.5-2 cm diam each. Fls dark pink.
*Saussurea odontolepis :To 1m, heads pink-violet, 1.5-2 cm diam., in peltate infl.
Lvs pinnatifid. Oak forests in Ussuri.
*Saussurea subtriangulata :80 cm, lvs ovate, 2-5 heads 1.5-2 cm diam. in raceme. Fls
pink-violet. Spruce forests in Ussuri.
Saussurea sachalinensis :70-100 cm h, numerous pink-violet heads are in peltate
infl. Lvs acute, lanceolate dentate, nude or villous. Meadows of
:Another Far-Eastern representative of Asiatic genus. Up to 1m.
Numerousheads1-2 cm across pink -purplish. If you translate pulchella from
Latin it means pretty. It is true.
:Low plant, wooly beneath lvs, fls purplish. Modest Compositae from Siberian
Taller than above and almost nude.
Pungent saxifrage, fls white with tiny red spots. Rocks. Endemic of Okhotsk sea
Saxifraga cherlerioides :Differs from above smaller fls without spots. If you arrive
in main city of Kamchatka Petropavlovsk you can see vertical rocks near sea
occupied by this saxifrage.
:This saxifrage is represented by abundance of small globes created by pungent
curved lvs. 10-12 cm h stems, fls green-yellow. Rocks. Endemic of North-East
*Saxifraga manchuriensis :Reniform rosette lvs, glandular stems 30 cm h. Luxury globose
infl. Fls white. Wet places near streams in Ussuri.
:Lvs very pungent, ciliate, pubescent, fls white.
Similar to above, lvs ciliate but glabrous. Fls yellow. Occupies as above
saxifrage vast areas on dry scree steep slopes of great river
:Differs from above pure white fls and softer pubescence.
Saxifraga oppositifolia: Glory of this saxifrage is world-wide. Be in a
hurry if you still do not have it. On calcareous rocks in Kolyma basin this is
really enchanting sight.
:This is also something new! This is endemic of East Siberia, therefore I am
sure it is absent in other catalogs. This plant creates small plain cushions.
Rosette lvs obovate, stems leafless up to 15cm h. Fls 1,5cm diam, white or pink
white. Excellent for rock gardens where space is limited.
Tender rounded to reniform lvs. White fls in dense head-like infl. 30-35cm
high. Along streams.
:(S.redowskiana) Glandulose East - Siberian plants 25-30 cm. Infl.
divaricate-paniculate. Lvs cuneate. Grows in the places where no other plants:
fruitless dry stony and scree slopes. In culture looks luxurious.
:80-100cm h, villous throughout. Lvs entire or lyrate-pinnate, heads 3-4cm
diam, ornamental due to big blue or violet peripheral fls which are typical for
Dipsacaceae family. Dry meadows, rocks of East Siberia. Coll in
:Close to Draba genus. Fls white. Lvs rosette wooly. Prefers limestone. Coll.
:Scandent dioecious woody climber, lvs obovate, fls white, fr. globose, red.
Scorzonera radiata: Rosette of linear lvs, yellow fls in head, scapiform
stems 10cm tall. Rocks. East Siberia.
*Sedum aizoon: Up
to 60 cm high Sedum with orange fls.
Wide range of habitats including rocks.
Sedum cyaneum: Mat-forming Sedum
colonizing steep sea shore and transforming gloomy grey rocks in festival of
pink and red hues. This North-East Asian plant is wonderful for Rock
Sedum litorale: Sedum
from seashore of Ussurian region up to 60 cm high with golden-yellow fls.
:To 30 cm h, peltate yellowish-orange infl. Dry slopes.
:Grey pubescent up to 45 cm plant with bright yellow fls. Described from
Sedum stephanii: Up
to 25 cm high, light yellow or whitish fls. Wet places. Endemic of Okhotsk sea
:Differs from above lower height, orange-yellow fls. Rocks and stony slopes of
Okhotsk sea area.
:(S.purpureum) I told my assistants: this is trivial species. But they like it.
Folk Russian name is Hare cabbage for thick lvs. 30-60 cm high. Pink or purple
*Sedum ussuriense :35
cm h., fls pink, purplish in dense peltate panicle. Endemic of
*Sedum viviparum :To
65 cm h. Fls white or greenish, inpeltate-panicle infl with bulbils.
Securinega suffruticosa :If you do not have representatives of Euphorbiaceae think
about this shrub not more than 2 m high with yellow shoots and small coriaceous
lvs. Maybe, I should not recommend this popular medicinal plant: fls
greenish-yellow, small and the whole plant is poisonous. Ussuri.
Senecio campester :To
50 cm h., white wooly, lvs ovate, ligules yellow or yellow-orange. Dry slopes
on Okhotsk sea shore.
:Component of Kamchatka tall forbs to 1-2m h., lvs pinnately divided, fls
:(S.arcticus, S.palustris) If you would like to dry bog I can recommend this
species: Up to 1 m hollow stems ended by yellow woolly inflorescence will
always thirsty. Plants at early stage look as fledgling.
*Senecio lenensis :To
50 cm h., almost nude, 3-10 heads 2-2.5 cm diam in peltate infl. Dry
Senecio pseudoarnica: Seaside groundsel. But do not hesitate to grow
this Arnica-like plant away from beach!
:40-50 cm h. Heads 2.5-4 cm diam., in peltate umbelloid infl. Ligules
yellowish-orange. Mountain tundra, near snow bed.
:Circumpolar arctic-alpine species. 10 cm h. Lvs ternate, fls yellow 4-6mm
diam. Mountain tundra.
pusilla: It looks as Dryas but lvs pinnate,
emerald-green. Stony places, along streams. East Siberia.
Silene repens: Maybe, from Tibet this 60 cm high white flowered with adscending stems
plant reached Okhotsk sea shore. Dry slopes.
:Densely tufted, lvs linear, fls pink, inflate. Scree slopes. East
:Striking by size (over 1m) and variegate glossy pungent lvs annual or biennial
from Aster family with pink or violet head. Native for Mediterranean and
Central Asia, feels good in Ussuri.
:Taller than above. Lvs pubescent beneath. Boggy forests in
:Differs from above pubescent on both sides lvs, infl paniculate
:False Solomon's seal. Slender, erect, 10-20cm, 3 sessile lvs, raceme of white
small fls, dark red fr. Sphagnum bogs.
:There are more than 50 species of Solidago in USA. We have on Okhotsk sea
shore just one – modest, up to 50 cm, yellow fls.
:90-120cm h. Pea family plant with pinnate lvs and dirty-yellow long (10-25cm)
racemes. Meadows shrub thickets in Ussuri. Popular in Tibet
:Mountain Ash from Sakhalin, tree 12-15m h with bright red fr.
:Elder foliate Mountain Ash. No trace of bitter taste in big berries of this
:Siberian Mountain Ash Tree. Looks like other trees of Mountain Ash –
exciting in their bright beauty in autumn
:Shrub 1-2m, lvs pinnately compound, fls small, white, in large panicles. East
Spiraea media: Looks like S.stevenii but rays of corymb unbranched. Dry
:Resembles above, but ifl. pink, racemose.
Shrub to 1m, fls white, in corymbs, lvs elliptic to ovate.
:Loosely tufted, lvs thick, coriaceous, ovate, acute, fls solitary, white,
:Cucumber root. Tall branched plant from Lily family. Lvs ovate
with clasping base. Red transparent berries. Tender shoots are
eaten in Alaska. Strong cucumber smell. Rare in Okhotsk sea
*Syneilesis aconitifolia :Confusing plant: deeply dissected ornamental lvs look as
Aconitum lvs, infl. – as Compositae plant Cacalia. Grow and ask your
neigbours to guess what is this. Ussurian forests.
:For lovers something extraordinary – very tall – 1.5-2 m high,
stems and deltoid lvs beneath white-wooly, pendulous purplish 3-4 cm diam. infl
typical for Compositae. Amur river.
Syringa wulfii: Lilac
Native for Ussurian region.
Thalictrum contortum: Meadow rue
of big size to 1.8m with big stipules, ornamental lvs and cloud-like white
Thalictrum filamentosum: Small tubers, up to
30 cm stems with one basal twice ternate lvs and two upper entire ovate lvs.
Very pleasant plant due to fluffy white infl. Can flourish and enjoy the life
in shade and open places. Coniferous and deciduous forests in Ussuri
Thalictrum kemense: Weekly differentiated from
Eurasiatic Th. minus. Dry slopes in Kamchatka
Thalictrum sparsiflorum: Meadow rue of middle
size to 0.7m.
Thalictrum foetidum: Foetid Meadow rue with
many glands, to 0.5m. Dry slopes.
Thermopsis lupinoides: Lupine
Buckbean.Erect40-80cm tall, lvs 3-foliate, fls yellow, in raceme. Sand dunes in
Kamchatka and Ussuri. Can stop erosion by strong rhizomes.
*Thladianta dubia: Herbaceous Ussurian
dioecious vine 1.5m long. Lvs cordate, fls yellow, 2.5 cm long. Ornamental. Can
escape from you to neighbour.
*Thlaspi cochleariforme: You can differthis30
cm white flowered nude glaucous Cruciferae from other relatives only in fr:
wing, obovate-obtriangulate. Dry slopes and steppes in Ural.
Thymus serpyllum: s.l. Wild thyme from Kolyma
basin. Do you know what is temperature in winter time in this area? –50C!
I was impressed in Oslo botanical garden the special exposition of plants for
blind people. Thymes were the main component of this unusual garden.
Tilia amurensis: Amursk Basswood. Ussuri.
Tilia mandshurica: Differs from above bigger
lvs and fr.
Tofieldia coccinea: Scapes with raceme of
purplish small fls arise from rosette of flat linear lvs. Wet places in tundra
Tragopogon orientalis: To 1m. Lvs linear
yellow fls. Eurasian Asteraceae. Ussuri.
Trillium is a symbol of Ontario Rock Garden Chapter and others.
Above rhomboid lvs beautiful from white to pale pink purplish fls. Only few
seeds of this ephemeral plant could not escape me on Sakhalin.
Tripterigium regelii: Introduced in Ussurian
region. Resemble little bit Hydrangea paniculata in fr.
Trollius membranostylis: Similar to T. europaeus. Replaces
in Magadan region this European species.
*Trollius riederianus: Differs from above less
number of sepals. Fls yellow or orange-yellow. Kamchatka meadows.
Typha latifolia: Cat tail. I know you are
surprised that I included this plant. We do not have it on Okhotsk seashore. It
reminds me my motherland, Urals and childhood. Collected in Sakhalin.
Vaccinium hirtum: High blackberry. Vaccinium
shrub from Sakhalin. Occurs also in Japan.
*Vaccinium ovalifolium: Differs from
blueberry: solitary fls, globose not branched berry, branches flattened.
Vaccinium praestans: The most popular berry in
Sakhalin. Habit resembles Arctous alpina - small, prostrate, but red berry can
be compared with Durio (Durian) fr from tropics: terrible smell, excellent
Vaccinium uliginosum: Bog blueberry. You
should visit Magadan region in order to know unforgettable taste of home wine
Vaccinium vitis-idaea: Low bush cranberry.
Everybody in Magadan region, Kamchatka and Chukotka pick up baskets of berries
of this generous plant.
*Verbascum thapsus: Common mullein
Stout, erect, 1-2 m gray-tomentose. Fls yellow.
I was very impressed by results of the longest
continuously monitored experiment in the world conducted few generations of
scientists in W.J.Beal Botanical Garden in Michigan: 120 years they kept seeds
of different species in the bottle with sand buried in soil. Only Verbascum
blatteria and Malva neglecta survived such period and Verbascum bloomed. Our
knowledge on longevity of viability of seeds are so poor! You can make a will
to your grandchildren similar experiment with my seeds. It will join
*Veratrum maackii: 1.2 m h., fls
black-purplish in raceme or raceme-panicle. Ussuri.
Veratrum oxysepalum: In contrast to previous
not so branched. I like plicate nerved lvs of this stout plant in spring-
looking at their attack through soil you feel spring power.
Veronica longifolia: Yes, lvs long and blue
infl as well. 1 m tall. Meadows near Amur.
Viburnum burejaeticum: Deciduous much branched
shrub, lvs ovate-orbicular, infl. cymose, white, fr. black, pleasant tasted
Viburnum furcatum: 3m shrub, fls white, ripe
fr black. Sakhalin, Japan.
Viburnum sargentii: Looks as V. edule. Seeds
and fr. bigger. Ussurians like these berries.
*Vicia amurensis: 1.5m h., nude, lvs with 4-7
pairs leaflets. Fls lilac-violet. On slopes, shrub thickets. Ussuri.
Vicia pseudoorobus: 1.5 m h., 2-5 pairs glossy
leaflets. Infl. 3-7 cm long, fls 11-14 mm long, violet. Dry meadows. Ussuri.
Vicia unijuga: One pair lvs plus violet
Leguminosae fls. Ussuri.
*Vicia ohwiana: Differs from above globose
almost sessile infl., rhomboid lvs.
Vincetoxicum acuminatum: You are exhausted by
reading so long and your money gone. I will not advertise this Swallow-Wort
*Viola avatchensis: one of heroic plants
that occupy lava on volcano Avacha slopes. Reniform lvs, blue
fls10-15mmlong.Close to V.repens but lvs thicker, blunt.
Viola pacifica: To 20 cm h., lvs ovate, fls
white, 1.6-1.7 cm long. On rocks and slopes in dark coniferous forests.
Viola phalarocarpa: 30 cm h., lvs ovate,
fls17-20 mm long, dark red-violet. Stony slopes. Ussuri.
Viola chaerophylloides: 30 cm h., lvs pinnate
dissected, fls white. River banks, sea shore. Ussuri.
Viscum coloratum: One person asked from
me for many years seeds of this semi-parasite plant. At last I have small
amount of them. Fr. red. Lvs are very popular in Ussuri as medicinal for high
Vitis amurensis: Amursk grape. Would you like
to try taste of this companion of Ussurian tiger? You will be refreshed
instantly after reading my list with many mistakes in English that are
charming, I hope.
Weigella praecox: (Diervilla praecox) Shrub
1.5-2 m. Lvs ovate, pubescent, fls in leaf axils, sessile, 3-4 cm long,
reddish, infundibuliform-campanulate. Due to early blooming and easy
cultivation more common on the streets in Ussurian region than in wild nature.
Weigella middendorfiana: Differs from above
whitish yellow fls. Ussuri. Author of treatment of Caprifoliaceae in 8-volume
edition “Vascular Plants of Soviet Far East” considers this
blooming shrub most ornamental in Russian Far East.
All seeds are collected in Russia (Magadan region,
Sakhalin, Kamchatka, Ussuri).
All seeds are collected in Russia (Magadan region, Sakhalin, Kamchatka,
Ussuri, Urals). Price is US $3 per packet except Daphne which costs
$1 per each seed.
PLACING YOUR ORDER
I encourage you for orders use fastest kinds of communication: Please, order
first of all by e-mail at address:
firstname.lastname@example.org or by fax (preferably at day time: 8 hours
difference with Moscow):
(7)41322 35653 (check, please, international code of Russia from your
country). If you and your friends don't have access to e-mail or fax,
send orders by snail mail:
Dr. A. N. Berkutenko
Post Box 225
Telephone in Magadan (+7) 41322 3-56-53
In this case, send a self-addressed envelope and US $2 for postage (international
coupons I cannot use) would be appreciated. Bubble (padded) envelopes are unavailable
in our city. Think about this if you order fragile seeds. The price is $3 per
packet. The average amount is 10-25 seeds per pkt.
The most convenient way to receive payment from you is US
cash in registered letter at address:
It is safe, no cases of loss.
We have a bank account #2017210998 at the:
National Bank of Alaska
and you can deposit the payment at my name UPON RECEIPT of the seeds.
Please, follow my instructions !!
1. Do not send money in advance but send it eventually. I don't enclose
invoice to avoid tax payment by you, I trust you. You can easily calculate how
much you owe me if you multiply number of ordered species at US$3 each, and
add $2 for postage, if you order a lot, registered postage is $3. Please,
pay attention at the signs on seed packets: if I wrote, for example, 3x1 it
means I put triple seed quantity in one packet for saving space in envelope.
2. If you want to send cash at my address in Magadan, please, send by
REGISTERED letter only, do not enclose money in package.
3. Do not forget if you order by e-mail to insert your actual mailing
4. The notes by e-mail, or the copies of checks to the bank at my
address, will be very appreciated. Bank sends me memo papers with only my
address, sum and there are no names of customers. The same on bank statements.
Please, teach me how to be successful in my struggle with bank. If, for
example, I deposited $1000 and somebody else deposited the same sum at your
bank account and did not write you how you will know who deposited. Bank
presumes I should know.
5. DO NOT FORGET to enclose the list of SUBSTITUTES, or mark that you do
not need substitutes, because many species I have this year in tiny
I am finishing my seed list 2001. I am sitting at home on the
Nagaevo Bay sea of Okhotsk. Radio says that Chinese people are going to
meet New Year according to Oriental Calendar.
There is thick ice layer on Nagaevo Bay. Salix magadanensis on the top of
mount «Stone Crown» that I can see from my window slumbers under
snow cover. A high winter wind is blowing. I hope this wind will not prevent
delivery to you tiny pieces of dry material that concentrated severe but
magnetically attractive beauty of wilderness of our country–
SEEDS OF SIBERIA AND RUSSIAN FAR EAST.
Dr. Alexandra Berkutenko
Maybe, this announcement about my co-authored by E. Viereck book
will be interesting for some ethnobotanists:
1. A.Berkutenko, E. Viereck Medicinal and
Edible Plants of Alaska and the Russian Far East. In Russian.
Soft color cover. Black and white drawings.1995, Vladivostok, 193 pages. Price
$10 plus $2 postage.
For those who did not have chance to introduce with our modest experience
in germination, I ask to share your thoughts on this subject because your
experience is incomparable with ours.
SEED GERMINATION OF POTENTIAL FOR CULTIVATION
ORNAMENTAL AND MEDICINAL PLANTS OF WILD FLORA OF THE NORTH-EAST
A.N.Berkutenko, E.A.Averjanova Institute of Biological Problems of the
North Far-Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences 685000 Russia, Magadan,
Portovaja 18 (as published in the book of abstracts of 3rd circumpolar
agricultural conference, 12-16 October, 1998 Anchorage, Alaska)
Flora of the North-East Russia (Magadan region
and Chukotka) contains more than 1500 species of vascular
plants. There are many ornamental and medicinal species among them. People
within Russia and from abroad would like to grow many of them. We revealed the
absence of data in the literature about seed germination of species of the
extreme Russian North-East. Therefore the Laboratory of Botany of IBPN started
to conduct research on physiological peculiarities of seeds and the impact of
different conditions on seed viability and dormancy.
The following species, after a few months of storage in laboratory
conditions (16-18 degrees C) did not need pretreatment and germinated under
these same laboratory conditions:
Allium strictum (germination 63%)
Dendranthema arctica (95%)
Artemisia gmelinii (100%)
Campanula rotundifolia (12%)
Cardaminopsis lyrata (50%)
Dianthus repens (99%)
D. amurensis (88%)
Dracocephalum palmatum (86%)
Geum aleppicum (98%)
Leontopodium stellatum (96%)
Linum komarovii (96%)
Phyllodoce caerulea (79%)
Potentilla nudicaulis (74%)
Pulsatilla multifida (24%)
Rhododendron aureum (56%)
Rh. camtschaticum (42%)
Rh. dauricum (76%)
Rh. mucronulatum (88%)
Rh. redowskianum (25%)
Saxifraga derbekii (47%)
S. funstonii (82%)
S. nelsoniana (76%)
Scorzonera radiata (68%)
Sedum cyaneum (84%)
Stellaria ruscifolia (84%)
Spiraea salicifolia seeds germinated (14%) only after cold stratification
during 1 month (0-5 degrees C).
Aconitum delphinifolium and Gentiana glauca germinated when temperature was
0-5 degrees C.
Atragene ochotensis germinated (40%) after pretreatment by gibberellin
during 24 hours.
After 1.5 year storage, seed germination was as follows:
Ermania parryoides (18%)
Rhododendron aureum (74%)
Potentilla fragiformis (59%).
Rhodiola atropurpurea germinated after 4.5 years storage (16%)
Picea ajanensis - after 3.5 years (64%).
Pulsatilla davurica (2.5 years storage) and P. multifida (3.5 years
storage) germinated just after pretreatment by gibberellin. Germination was 70%
and 20% correspondingly.
We are now conducting test of cryogenic properties of northern species
seeds. Preliminary results show that seeds are viable and in some cases more
germinable after quick deep freezing during 24 hours in nitrogen (-196degrees
Some more details on germination received 10th February 1999
CRYOGENIC PROPERTIES OF SEEDS OF SOME SPECIES
OF NORTH-EAST RUSSIA.
E.A. Andriyanova, A.N.Berkutenko
Institute of Biological Problems of the North Far Eastern Branch of Russian
Freezing in liquid nitrogen is perspective method of conservation of plant
seeds . Information about viability of seeds after deep freezing is necessary
for creation of seed banks for long storage.
We investigated cryogenic properties of 9 species of plants native in
Magadan region. Seeds of investigated species after freezing were germinable.
Stimulant influence of freezing was observed in some species. Their germination
was higher and the period of germination is shorter compare to control.
The seeds of Alnus fruticosa need pretreatment by frost. Deep freezing of
Alnus fruticosa seeds in liquid nitrogen was similar to influence of fluctuant
temperatures -5 to - 15 C. Germination of seeds frozen in liquid nitrogen
during 24 hours is as follows: (Germination in control experiments is indicated
in brackets. In Alnus fruticosa example we used as a control seeds that were
frozen during 1 month under the range temperature: -5 to-15 C )
Alnus fruticosa - 40% (10%),
Arctanthemum arcticum - 94% (99%),
Pulsatilla multifida - 54% (24%),
Saxifraga derbekii - 78% (47%),
S. funstonii - 97% (82%),
Rhododendron aureum - 79% (56%),
R. parviflorum -14% (19%),
R. redowskianum - 72% (26%),
Thymus serpyllum - 78% (78%).
The permafrost is almost continuously distributed in Magadan region and can
be used for creation of long term seed banks, but in North-East Russia it was
done only in Yakutia (Storozheva and al., 1998) for agricultural cultures seeds
of Trifolium, Melicago, Secale, Triticum.
Seed bank of wild plants in natural permafrost is also perspective method
of conservation gene fund, but it takes investments.
GERMINATION OF PICEA AJANENSIS SEEDS IN
Picea ajanensis (Lindl.et Gord.) Fisch. ex Carr. is one of the main tree
forming dark coniferous forests in the Russian Far East, Japan, Korea and
isolatively in China. This species is used in cultivation quite widely, but we
could not find information about influence of different conditions on
germination neither in monograph on Picea ajanensis (Manko, 1987) nor in
special literature devoted seed germination (Nikolaeva et al., 1985,Deno,1994
etc.) Therefore we conducted series of experiments on Picea ajanensis seeds in
lab conditions. Seeds were collected in Russia in 1993(Kamchatka),1997
(Ussurian region),1998 (Sakhalin).
Seeds were germinated in light and dark conditions and treated in liquid
Seeds from Sakhalin are kept 3 months in lab conditions. Germination in
light conditions was 62%. Seeds from Ussurian region after 5 months storage
germinated in light conditions - 22%, in dark conditions - 34%. In one year
germination of these seeds in light conditions was 26%. Seeds from Kamchatka
were stored 4 years. Their germination in light conditions was 64%. So,
viability of Picea ajanensis seeds do not change significantly for several
years of storage. Deep rapid freezing in liquid nitrogen (t=-196 °C) during 48 hours showed unexpected results.
Germination of control seeds was 22% for seeds from Ussuria region 1997
collection, 62%- from Kamchatka 1993 collection. After freezing germination in
both samples was 44%. These experiments need to be continued.
Telephone: (+7) 41322 3-56-53